How to Feed and Breed Horses
Horses are herbivores and primarily exhibit intestinal fermentation. Therefore, it is very important to implement proper nutritional management for horses to avoid over- and undernutrition. The most important aspects of nutrition are highlighted.
1. Do not give non-nitrogen proteins such as urea to horses of all classes, as these cannot be digested as ruminants.
Horses must have a dry matter content of at least 1.5% of body weight.
3. Body weight (kg) = heart size (cm) * 2.7 for light varieties
Body weight (kg) = heart size (cm) * 3.1 for medium varieties
Body weight (kg) = kernel size (cm) * 3.5 for heavy species
4. The most common concentrates for horses are oats, barley, chickpeas and wheat bran.
5. For green fodder, the best fodder is alfalfa (green or grass).
6. For better absorption and absorption of nutrients, the total daily dose can be divided into 4-6 separate meals.
7. Feeding regularity, avoidance of complete feeds before and after training and gradual change of dose composition are the most important features in horse nutrition.
8. Horses have a particular need to feed coarse grains. but if there is chopped fodder, then it can be mixed with grain or mixed fodder.
9. Group feeding is not recommended for grain feeding.
10. To avoid mineral deficiencies, add 25-40g of mineral blend to the daily concentration.
A 400 kg (unemployed) horse will probably need 0.38 kg of digested crude protein (DCP), 20 g calcium, 20 g phosphorus and 70 mg carotene.
12. Moderate work requires 0.86 kg DHF, 50 g calcium, 50 g phosphorus and 135 mg carotene.
13. And for hard work you need 1.10 kg of DHF, 60 g of calcium, 60 g of phosphorus and 170 mg of carotene.
14. Horses should not be watered for at least 20-30 minutes before and after exercise.
15. The drinking water requirement is 36 liters per day and may vary depending on the season as the water requirement increases in summer.
16. For family medicine, this is the water supply for meals.
17. In a general watering schedule, water three times a day in the summer and twice a day in other seasons.
18. Horses breed seasonally. Early spring is considered the best breeding season in India.
Adolescence occurs at 18 months.
20. Pairing should be allowed at the age of 3 years when 75% body weight is reached,
21. 21-day juvenile cycle, temperature period 4-6 days.
22. It should be cultivated 2-3 days after the onset of fever.
23. The mare's tail must be tied up and set aside so as not to disturb the collection.
24. For breeding, one stallion is enough for 30-40 mares.
25. A box should be used 5 times a week.
26. One of the most important signs of childbirth is the appearance of wax grains on the nipples a day or two before birth.