How to Feed and Breed Horses
Horses are herbivores and usually show intestinal fermentation behind. It is therefore very important to exercise good food management in horses to prevent feeding and lack of nutrition. The significant aspects of food are highlighted.
1. Do not add non-nitrogenous protein substances such as urea to horses of all categories as they cannot repetitive as ruminants.
2. Horses should receive dry matter of at least 1.5% of the body weight.
3. Body weight (kg) = circumference of heart (cm) * 2.7 for light breeds
Body weight (kg) = perimeter of the heart (cm) * 3.1 for medium breeds
Body weight (kg) = circumference of heart (cm) * 3.5 for heavy breeds
4. Oats, barley, grain and wheat bran are the most commonly concentrated food given to the horse.
5. When it relates to green fodder, the best fodder is alfalfa (green or grass).
6. For better use and assimilation of nutrients, the total daily ration can be divided into 4 to 6 separate meals.
7. Regular feeding, avoiding full diet before and after exercise and the gradual change in the composition of the ration are the most important symbols of horse nutrition.
8. In horses, it is special that fodder is given before cereals. but if chopped forage is available, it can be mixed with grain or concentration.
9. No group feeding is recommended for the feeding of cereals.
10. To avoid mineral deficiency, a daily mixture of 25 to 40 g of minerals is added to the concentrates.
11. A horse (unworked) with a weight of 400 kg of body weight is likely to require 0.38 kg of raw digestion protein (FAD), 20 g of calcium, 20 g of phosphorus and 70 mg of charotene.
12. For average work, it requires 0.86 kg of DCP, 50 g of calcium, 50 g phosphorus and 135 mg of charotene.
13. And for heavy work, it requires 1.10 kg of DCP, 60 g of calcium, 60 g phosphorus and 170 mg of charotene.
14. Horses should not be treated at least 20-30 minutes before and after a lively exercise.
15. Drinking water requirements are 36 liters per day and can vary seasonally due to increased summer demand for water.
16. In relation to general practice, it is a matter of supplying water before the meal.
17. In the general water program, water should be made three times a day in the summer and twice a day in other seasons.
18. Horses are seasonal polymers. Early spring is considered the best breeding time in India.
19. puberty is at the age of 18 months.
20. Coupling should be allowed at 3 years of age when it reaches 75% of the body weight, \ t
21. The estrous cycle is 21 days and the length of the heat is 4 to 6 days.
22. The rise should be increased 2 to 3 days after the start of heat properties.
23. The tail of the center must be banded and separated from one side so that it does not interfere with copying.
24. With regard to breeding, one stall is sufficient for 30 to 40 mares.
25. Standard should be used 5 times a week.
26. The scene is observable at the time of the partnership than the appearance of wax beads on the teats a day or two before childbirth.